© Ennis Physiotherapy Clinic, 3A Barrack Close, Barrack Street, Ennis, Co. Clare V95 X437 Tel: (065) 6840757
Mon - Fri 9.30am - 8.30pm
3A Barrack Close, Barrack St., Ennis, Co. Clare V95 X437
Training is the process of acquiring or adapting / improving / developing a skill or behaviour. It encompasses organised activity aimed at imparting information or instructions in order to;
1. improve a person’s performance or
2. achieve a greater level of skill or knowledge
In relation to physiotherapy, exercise or sports medicine, training means stimulating structural and functional adaptations to improve performance in specific physical tasks. Training programmes use a blend of the following elements to achieve focused results
Principles of Training
The most successful training programmes are carefully planned out and executed. They are
Goals for training can be adapted and changed as necessary as circumstances, or needs, demand.
Training usually will begin with general training and move increasingly toward more and more task specific training i.e. in sport people begin by improving general fitness levels first, then work on strength and endurance and finally start to direct that improved strength and endurance at specific work / sport specific tasks / skills.
Training programmes are
Typically training programmes are planned in blocks of time taking account of when the ultimate goals are required to be achieved. A fit trained runner needs less time to prepare themselves for a marathon than does a complete novice.
By benchmarking progress against set goals one can gauge progress and adjust training accordingly. One can also make informed decisions on return to play / work etc.
Very limited time scales may mean certain elements of training are sacrificed and others are prioritised.
Achieving goals in the training programme helps boost confidence + self belief and improves the likelihood of achieving the ultimate goals of the programme. Having goals also allows a critical objective review of progress to date and assessment of how achievable goals are within the given time.
Rehabilitation (Rehab) is the process of training for recovery following an injury, in order to restore the person to their former functional capacity, or better.
The ultimate goal is to return to play, or function, in the shortest possible time or to achieve a standard of performance that is either equal to, or greater, than existed pre-injury.
The ‘art’ of guiding rehabilitation is in using scientific knowledge of tissue healing + recovery to create a rehabilitation programme which takes into account the needs + goals of the injured person, the type + severity of the injury, the social, psychological + physical environment that are prevailing for the injured person and the resources available to the person. It is the successful management of all these opportunities and constraints that will provide the best possible outcome from a rehab programme.
The lifestyle factors / demands on an individuals person, combined with their level of self confidence, motivation + fears must be considered when customising a programme for them. Each programme should be explained to the person (how + why it is planned to address the presenting problems and what input is required from the injured person + when) and an estimated timescale outlined.
Precise, clear guidance must be provided with appropriate monitoring and correction as necessary. Some of the art of rehabilitation is in exploiting scarce resources or using alternative resources to facilitate the exercise programme i.e. using a backpack with heavy household items to replace ‘gym’ weights for increased leg exercises.
Rehab can start immediately an injury occurs and may continue long after the person has returned to sport / normal daily life – with maintenance exercises!
Components of a Rehabilitation Programme may include;
(joint sense), co-ordination
over zealousness, mental toughness
Pain should not be ignored but equally should not deter someone from completing their rehab programme.
While severe pain may negatively impact on the recruitment of muscles (we are not inclined to do things that give us pain generally!) some pain or discomfort may be considered a normal side effect of participation in a rehab programme.
Using the overload principle as a means of increasing tissue strength, and the stimulating effect on healing tissues provoked by increasing the activity load, the ability of exercised tissues to withstand stresses during activity will increase progressively. Therefore it is a matter of managing any pain or soreness which develops as a result of rehab exercises.
One would aim to keep pain and aching symptoms bearable – if too much pain is produced you need to adapt by reducing the overall exercise load and if little or no pain is felt after a rehab sessions then it is safe to progress the intensity / duration / resistance components at the next training session. In general it is best to increase only one component at a time and review the effects during and in the following hours after the session, to assess if further adaptation is possible..