The Anterior Cruciate Ligament is a key stabiliser of the knee joint.
It prevents the knee from bending backwards (hyper-extension) and from bending sideways + inwards too far.
Injury to this ligament is very common in sports that require a lot of pivoting on one leg while changing direction, or where direct contact forces the knee backwards or inwards.
Female athletes are much more at risk of injury compared to their male peers. This is due to anatomical differences at the knee making females more ‘knock kneed’.
Each post operative protocol has goals the athlete can progress through before progressing to the next phase. Rehab may progress at different rates. Professional players could expect to return to full sports activity within a six month whereas amateurs are likely to be slower - maybe up to 12 months.
The phases of recovery are broadly summarised as:
During the early phases of rehab the opportunity may be taken to work on other parts of the body needing attention i.e. upper body strengthening, core stability etc
There is often severe pain, immediate swelling and variable amounts of bruising.
If pain on walking or putting weight on the foot persists an X-Ray may be needed to exclude a fracture.
A sprained ankle ligament occurs when the foot is twisted
severely, usually turning inwards under the leg, either when
Turning suddenly or landing on uneven ground.
Repeated sprains of the ankles may lead to joint instability and poor balance and co-ordination. Exercises to prevent this should be included in the rehab programme.
If the ACL is ruptured it leaves the knee unstable and exposes other tissues to increased risk of injury too. It is common to surgically reconstruct the ACL
A long period of Rehabilitation is required afterwards. The rehab period aims to:
Shoulder dislocation is a common injury occurring during sports or simply as a result of a fall.
A dislocation occurs when the head of the arm bone separates from the shoulder blade at the shoulder joint. The shoulder joint has great mobility but poor stability, and is susceptible to dislocation. A subluxation is a partial dislocation of the shoulder.
There are different types of dislocation
Signs and symptoms
Prompt medical treatment should be sought for any dislocation injury to return the shoulder to its normal position.
x-ray will confirm the joint has been replaced into the joint.
Rest in a sling for several days until pain subsides
Mobilise joint soon as the pain allows.
Rotator cuff and deltoid muscle strengthening.
Trauma associated with dislocation disturbs normal activity of muscles around the shoulder blade.
First-time traumatic dislocation have a high rate of labral injury
Surgery may be required following repeated dislocation.
Return to full function and early return to sport or work can be facilitated following treatment and advice from Ennis Physiotherapy Clinic.
Mon - Fri 9.30am - 8.30pm
3A Barrack Close, Barrack St., Ennis, Co. Clare V95 X437
|Sports Clubs+Teams Services|
|Walking + Running|
|Starting to Train|
|Spine + Pelvic Injuries|
|Training + Rehabilitation|
|Home Exercise Programmes|
|Lower Limb Injuries|
|Upper Limb Injuries|
|Musician + Dancing Injuries|
|Using Portable Devices|
|Running Drills Videos|
|Losing Body Weight|
|Gaining Body Weight|
|Weight Loss Programmes|
|Start to Run|
|Start to Swim|
|Start Nordic Waliking|
|Loading of Tendons|
|Rehab of Tensdons|
|Non Specific LBP|
|Non Specific Neck Pain|
|Neck Care Advice|
|Principles of Training|
|Selecting a Racquet|
|Racquet Grip Size|
|Racuet Sport Injuries|
|Training for Racquet Sports|
|Ski + Board Injuries|
|Preventing Injury in Musicians|
|Preventing Dance Injury|